The Sansevieria Francisii houseplant is drought-tolerant, hardy and requires little maintenance. This rare plant has oval, erect leaves that are tightly packed together on long stems.
Sansevieria frazisii, a perennial herbaceous plant that produces a dense, compact leaf-succulent, has walking legs similar to pandanus and sends them down (stolons). Its crossbanding and shape are similar to Sansevieria Suffruticosa. However, this plant has leaves that are up to 15 cm longer and more pointed than the former.
This plant’s distinctiveness lies in its growth structure. The leaves are stacked in five-inch rows and the plant keeps adding rows until they either fall over or emit stolons. It could reach a maximum length up-to 60 cm. It is a beautiful plant, especially in its younger stages.
Why Should You Keep a Sansevieria Francisii?
A sansevieria francisii’s ability to reduce allergy symptoms and purify the air is what I find most remarkable. These plants will make your home healthier and improve the airflow. (Source: NASA)
They also reduce the amount of airborne allergens. They are also one of few plants that can convert CO2 into oxygen at night and day, making them ideal for bedrooms.
A sansevieria francisii’s striking appearance is another reason to buy one. They are perennials with bright, green, angular, tightly packed leaves. They produce delicate, vertical white flowers with a light scent.
Sansevieria can be ignored for long periods of time with very few negatives. They are drought-tolerant and hardy. It is also very easy to propagate. With the proper care and techniques, one plant can quickly become many.
These plants need a careful eye, sufficient water, and plenty of alone time.
Sansevieria Francisii Care Details
First Steps After Purchase
Sansevieria francisii is one of the easiest plants you can take care of. However, it is always a good thing to be prepared for anything. These are some tips to consider:
- Pest and disease checks – Sansevieria francisii has very small leaves which can make it difficult to diagnose their health. You can look for signs of stress and damage by pests along the leaf edges, as well as bite marks from mealybugs or spider mites, between nodules.
- Are your roots healthy? – Examine the root system of any new plant. Sansevieria has very thin, brown-colored thread-like roots called rhizomes. It’s okay to have them tightly wrapped around one another. These plants are often root-bound, and they don’t suffer too much. Make sure that the soil in the pot is not too wet.
- Repot – Put your plant into a new container filled with fresh soil. Because of its better drainage, sandy soil is the best. A pH between 4.5-7 is ideal.
- Room conditions – It is important to place your new sansevieria indoors in bright, indirect light. Too much sunlight can cause the plant to become dry and scorch.
- Bedroom? Living room? Kitchen? These plants can be placed in both bedrooms and living spaces. They convert CO2 into oxygen at night. They can tolerate room temperature and average humidity.
Sansevieria Francisii Care
You have already set up your plant for success by following the steps above. There are many other things you need to consider when taking care of your plant. After these foundations have been established, it is easy for you and your sansevieria friancisii to go.
How to Water Sansevieria Francisii
Sansevieria Francisii is a drought-tolerant plant that doesn’t need much water. It is up to you to ensure that it gets enough water and doesn’t get too dry.
Many new owners do not treat their plants with kindness. It is best to watch your plant carefully. You should water your sansevieria once the top 1-2 inches are dry.
- Use distilled water. Your sansevieria can be exposed to fluorides as well as chlorine which are common in tap water. Use filtered, distilled water.
- Slow and steady: Sansevieria francisii thrives in dry conditions. Your soil can become extremely dry and even baked. Watering should be done slowly. Give time to the soil to absorb the water.
- Drainage: Make sure your pot/container is able to drain any excess water. When you are done watering, always tip the extra water out of your pot/container/dish.
Sansevieria Francisii Light Requirements
Many people mistakenly believe that snake plants enjoy direct sunlight, as they are drought-tolerant.
This can dry out your plants and cause them to wither/scorch their leaves. Indirect sunlight is best for the best locations. You don’t have to worry, snake plants can thrive in shaded locations.
Low light poses a challenge because too much light can cause problems for your plants. The plant may grow slower, elongated and move towards the light source. The leaves may turn yellow. This is a sign that your plant is too dark.
Average room temperatures for Sansevieria francisii are between 60-80degF (16-24 degC). They are great for bedrooms, living rooms, and kitchens.
Low temperatures – Your plant is susceptible to extreme cold. As winter approaches, I recommend that you move your plant out of windows and doors.
If you’re using fertilizer, consider one which has temperature-resistant qualities that can help bolster your plant’s natural defences.
High temperatures – similarly to high temperatures, too much heat can also stress your plants. If your plant has yellow or thin leaves, it is likely that it is too hot.
Hot temperatures can also affect your plants’ watering, as they may become more dehydrated.
Place your plant in a cool area or near ventilation. Avoid using dark plastic pots that retain heat. Instead, choose neutral, terracotta- or ceramic-colored pots.
Snake plants are exotic looking and originate in Africa. However, they will thrive when the average humidity is between 30-50%.
They have a low-to-medium humidity threshold so I do not recommend misting snake plants. This plant loves to be dry.
Misting plants can lead to more problems such as overwatering, disease, and pest attraction.
Sansevieria Francisii Soil
For your sansevieria francisii, I recommend that you use sandy soil, which is well-drained and loose. Large particles make it easier for water and other substances to move through sandy soils.
The soil does not retain much water. Sansevieria francisii prefer slightly acidic soil, ranging between pH 4.5 and 7.
Fertilizing Sansevieria Francisii
While everyone appreciates a little extra, your sansevieria doesn’t need much fertilizing. It will be fine to fertilize your sansevieria once or twice per year in spring and summer.
Ammonium nitrate fertilizers are highly recommended because they can help maintain soil pH.
Propagating Sansevieria Francisii
You can grow more snake plants if you feel confident now.
There are two methods that I will show you.
I know that I have spent much of this article explaining how Sansevieria francisii doesn’t like too much water. However, propagation can make the opposite possible.
Water propagation is an ideal method for beginners.
- Find a few healthy leaves close to the base of your sansevieria francisii. Use a pair of shears to cut at least 3-4 inches from the node.
- Fill your container with distilled water.
- You should only submerge 1/4 inch of the leaf cutting. Keep the cut surface facing down.
- Place the container next in indirect sunlight.
- To replenish nutrients and oxygen, replace the water at least once per week.
- Roots can take up to five weeks to grow. Wait 2 weeks after roots appear before repotting them in soil.
Water propagation has many benefits. Water is easy to propagate without the need for special chemicals or tools. Also, with sterile, distilled tap water, there are very few chances of bacteria and fungus causing problems.
Propagating in the Soil
The nursing stage of water is eliminated in propagating by soil. Instead, the cuttings are planted directly into a container.
- Find a few healthy leaves close to the base. It is best to cut 3-4 inches away from the node.
- Place perlite, sand or moist soil in a container. Make sure the container has drainage holes.
- To make space for the cutting, indent your finger a few inches below your finger.
- Fill the hole with soil. To secure the cutting upright, gently part it.
- The container should not be placed in direct sunlight.
- In 4-5 weeks, roots will develop and your plant can be repotted.
One of the greatest benefits of using soil for propagating plants is that cuttings often develop stronger roots, thicker and are more secure.
However, it is important to monitor the soil quality and be vigilant for any fungi/bacteria. Sansevieria Francisii is able to deal with being root-bound. If roots are travelling through drainage holes or you wish to make your plant grow larger, it is time to repot.
Pruning and Trimming
To reduce a plant’s size, shape or remove diseased or damaged parts, gardeners trim and prune it. It’s like a haircut for a healthy person!
Good news: Your sansevieria francisii will not need a new haircut every week. They are slow-growing. It can be difficult to cut leaves confidently because they are densely packed and spikey. Here are some tips.
- When pruning, you should only use a sterile knife.
- Pre-select the leaves that you wish to remove. You can reduce the size of your tree by cutting off leaves from the outside.
- Follow the roots to the base and then use your knife to cut the leaves and remove them.
- It is best to trim or prune in the spring or early summer. Any new growth should be established and strong before the cold winter.
Remember that healthy leaves can be propagated to create new plants.
Here are our suggestions:
- It is best to repot your sansevieria frascatii outside of its growing season. This means that it should be able to be repotted in wintertime or early spring.
- Gently take your snake plant out of its container. Take your time – the root systems of snake plants often reach maximum capacity and are very compact .
- Take a look at the roots and use sharp, clean shears to carefully remove any dead, dry or rotten matter.
- A new container should be filled with well-drained soil and sand. Make sure it has drainage holes.
- Place the snake plant in the middle, and then fill in any gaps with soil. To secure the plant, gently pat it down.
- Allow the water to run off the bottom of the plant by gently watering it. Be sure to drain any excess water.
How to Solve Common Sansevieria Francisii Problems
If left unchecked, pests can cause serious damage to your snake plants. You should be on the lookout for two main pests: mealybugs, and spider bites.
- Mealybugs are white-cotton in appearance and will bite into plants to get their juices, especially on new growth.
- Spider mites look like white powder on the leaves. They also feed on new growth, and can thrive in dry, arid pots.
You can use the same technique to get rid of both pests efficiently and quickly. Use a cotton buds to apply soapy water or alcohol to the plant’s stems and leaves. It should be allowed to sit for at least a couple of hours before you wash it.
Despite being resilient, snake plants can be susceptible to some preventable diseases. Pay particular attention to these:
- Root rot is when your plant develops brown, mushy and foul-smelling roots. Turn your plant upside down and remove it from its pot. Use a sterilised knife to remove infected roots and re-pot the plant in a new potting mix.
- Fungus can cause white, furry spots on the soil. Fungus can also cause disease. Two common diseases are worth your attention:
- Red leaf spot is a small, irregularly colored/brown spot on the leaves that acts as lesions. To remedy the problem, remove affected leaves and apply a fungicide.
- Southern Blight: If your snake plant’s base looks always wet, despite you not watering it, or if it develops thread-like growths on its surface, it may be suffering from southern blight. Apply a fungicide on your plant to get rid of it. Consider removing any affected parts of the plant from the plant, and then repotting it if the damage is severe.
Black Spots in Leaves
A fungal or bacterial infection can lead to black spots on your leaves. This could be due to excessive watering, as roots are starved of nutrients and oxygen and are starting to die.
Repotting your plant in a new pot with a different mixture is an immediate solution. A homemade fungicide, made from water and baking soda, can be used to treat the affected areas.
Falling Off Sansevieria Francisii Leaves
Your sansevieria francisii may be suffering from leaf fall or limpidity. These plants thrive in dry conditions. While watering is important, it’s best to do so sparingly. Your plant should only be watered when the soil is dry to the top.
Brown Spots on Sansevieria Francisii Leaves
Plant stress can be identified by brown spots and tips on the fronds. This can happen in sansevieria francisii plants as a result of colder temperatures and excessive sunlight, which can cause the leaves to become scorched or dehydrated. If you water with tap water, it could also be due to a buildup of chemicals like chlorine.
You can help your plant get out of trouble by moving it to a shaded area of your home. Also, ensure that the temperature is moderate. It is also a good idea to start watering your plant with filtered, distilled water.
Sansevieria Francisii Leaves Curling
Drought-like conditions are a great environment for snake plants! The signs that the leaves are trying to conserve water are curled leaves.
My advice? Always make sure that the soil is dry for at least 2 inches before watering. Make sure the soil is dry and water can reach the bottom of your pot. To prevent root rot, make sure to drain any excess water.
Toxicity – Sansevieria is Safe?
Sansevieria can be mildly toxic to humans if they are ingested. You may experience diarrhoea, vomiting, swelling and nausea.
Are Snake Plant and Sansevieria Francisii toxic to cats and dogs?
Ingesting sansevieria can have more severe effects on our four-legged friends, cats and dogs. They are more likely than other pets to take a few bites from the leaves.
These symptoms include severe nausea, vomiting, swelling of the throat and tongue, as well as more severe cases. Your vet should be notified immediately if your pet shows signs of discomfort.
Sansevieria Francisii Care Details
Scientific Name: Dracaena trifasciata
Common Name: Snake plant
Type: Evergreen perennial
Max Growth (approx.): Slow growth – can grow up to 30cm per year. Direct sunlight can increase to 45cm and more.
Watering Needs: Low watering is required, at most once every two weeks. Tap water may contain harsh chemicals, so avoid it.
Humidity: The average room humidity ranges from 30-50%
Soil: Sandy soil, slightly acidic with a pH range between 4.5 and 7.0
Fertilizer: It is not usually necessary, but it can be used sparingly during spring and early summer.
Season: The growing season runs from spring through summer.
Temperature: 60-80degF (16-27degC). Extremely vulnerable to extreme cold and temperature changes
Pests: Although generally resistant to pests, mealybugs or spider mites can pose a problem.
Diseases: Root rot, which is caused by overwatering, or fungus/bacteria within the soil are two of the most common causes of disease.
Propagation: There are three ways to propagate: by leaf-cutting or plant division, and by rhizomes.
Pruning: If necessary, you can do minor pruning during the growing seasons.
Repotting: Doesn’t mind being root-bound.
Toxicity: Mildly toxic for humans and cats, but more dangerous for dogs and cats. You may experience nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea.
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone
USDA Zone 9-11
Advance Sansevieria Francisii Care Tips
- Sansevieria francisii can thrive in average room temperatures, and bright areas with indirect sunlight.
- Maintain humidity between 30-50% and keep leaves from misting.
- It is sensitive to cold temperatures so make sure to move it to a warm place during winter.
- To avoid using harsh chemicals, water your plants with filtered, distilled tap water.
- Use water sparingly. Only use it when the top inch of the soil is dry.
- Make sure that water does not get drained from the pot. To prevent root rot, tip the pot.
- Only propagate in the spring and summer.
- You should pay close attention to mealybugs and spider mites. Bites are a sign of infestation.
- Overwatering signs include limp leaves with brown spots and white fuzz on the soil’s top layer.
- Signs of underwatering include leaves curling inwards and new leaves becoming withered.
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